History was in the making last Tuesday when Robert Mugabe resigned as Zimbabwe’s president.
The 93-year-old liberator-turned-dictator was forced out of office in a bloodless coup after ruling Zimbabwe for 37 years. Mugabe had led Zimbabwe to independence in 1980 from minority white rule. He had chaired the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) from 1975 to 1980 after which he led its successor, the ZANU—Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF)from 1980 until his political demise in 2017. During the Cold War decades of the 70s and the eighties, Mugabe identified as a Marxist-Leninist. However, in the post-Cold War era of the 90s, he saw himself simply as a socialist.